Policy Brief on Nigeria:-- Nigeria’s Centenary and National Dialogue: Beginning or Breaking Point for Unity

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1.0 Introduction
The root cause of Nigeria’s peace and security challenges has always been attributed to the fundamental flaws in its amalgamation processes and the ensuing constitution. Analysts opine that the country’s constitutional arrangement and political framework has never taken into consideration the socio-cultural diversities and nuances of the country. This is further compounded by the general perception of lack of consultation and inclusion in the makings of the various constitutions from 1914 to date. They have also argued that the decision by the British colonial masters to amalgamate the Northern and Southern protectorates in 1914 was done without input from the various ethnic nationalities who live within the territory, which the late Chief Obafemi Awolowo described as “a mere geographical expression. .....
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Policy Brief on Nigeria -- Beyond the Beauty of Niger Delta Amnesty Program: Post 2015 Challenges and Prospects

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Introduction:
The conflict in the Niger Delta region pre-date the independence period with the agitation for the creation of Calabar, Ogoja, and Rivers States (CORs). Subsequently, the discovery of oil in Rivers in 1957 became the centre of attraction for both national and international economic development. The impact of oil exploration on the communities led to the clamour for the control of the resource by the people. As far back as 1966, Isaac Boro of Ijaw extraction led the first rebellion with his Delta Volunteer Service (DVS) against the Federal Government of Nigeria for the control of oil wells. Since then several other groups with similar ideologies has emerged including the Movement for the Survival of Ogoni People (MOSOP), Movement for the Emancipation of Niger Delta People (MEND), Niger Delta Peoples’ Volunteer Force (NDPVF), among others. ......

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Policy Brief on Togo: -- Togo : Les législatives de 2013 marqueront-elles la fin de l’instabilité politique?

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I- INTRODUCTION
Les mutations politiques observées en Europe de l’Est dans les années 1980 se sont propagées aux pays du tiers monde dont l’Afrique vers les années 1990. C’est donc au début des années 1990 que le multipartisme a été réintroduit en Afrique par la tenue d’élections régulières, faisant d’elle une activité particulière dans le processus démocratique. L’élection est devenue une méthode favorite, le rituel constitutionnel de transfert du pouvoir d’un régime à un autre.
Depuis 1990, certains pays africains ont excellé dans cette culture démocratique mais d’autres cherchent toujours leur marque.
Le Togo fait partie des pays où les élections font couler beaucoup de salive mais aussi du sang et divisent les populations.
L’observation de l’histoire électorale du Togo donne au citoyen lambda un sentiment de désenchantement, de désillusion à une frange de la population qui estime que l’ouverture démocratique n’a pas tenu ses promesses. De plus, les pratiques démocratiques en vogue se caractérisent par : la violation massive des droits de l’homme, le musellement de la presse, la corruption, le tripatouillage des textes, l’insécurité grandissante, la mauvaise gestion de ces processus, etc. Ce qui fait dire à Ismaïla Madior Fall que « la plupart des conflits en Afrique de l’Ouest trouvent leur origine dans les élections. Les élections sont un facteur de conflits ».

 

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Togo : Les législatives de 2013 marqueront-elles la fin de l’instabilité politique? - [PDF: 2MB]

Policy Brief on Liberia: - A Decade of Peace Expedition in Liberia: Actors and Factors for Consolidation

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1. Executive Summary
The months of July and August 2013 are very significant for Liberia. August 11 marked 10 years of Liberia’s sustained peace following what has been described by most conflict analysts as 14 years of “senseless civil war” while July 26 marked Liberia’s 166 years of independence. At the peak of the conflict, Liberia was classified as “a failed and criminal state exporting violence to its neighbors.” Only two years after the election of Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf as president, Liberia has moved towards stability and improved relations with its neighbors. At the same time, a variety of challenges still face reconstruction efforts.
This policy brief explores the background to the Liberia civil war, current peace and security challenges and dynamics, actors and factors responsible for the sustained peace and priorities for consolidating peace.....

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Quarterly Early Warning Brief - Ghana: April - June, 2013

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Quarterly Early Warning Brief: April - June, 2013 : (PDF - 125KB)