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March, 2011: - Bénin : Election présidentielle 2011, menaces sur l'unité nationale et la démocratie

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1. Introduction

Le Bénin est généralement considéré comme un pays modèle de démocratie pour sa stabilité politique et le fonctionnement normal de ses institutions.

En vingt (20) ans d'expérience démocratique, il a connu douze élections dont quatre présidentielles (1991, 1996, 2001 et 2006), cinq législatives (1991, 1995, 1999, 2003 et 2007), deux communales (2002 et 2008) et une locale (2008). Malgré cette culture démocratique, le peuple béninois connaitra en 2011, une première, celle d'organiser les élections présidentielle et législatives en trois mois avec une Liste Electorale Permanente Informatisée (LEPI) réputée nécessaire pour renforcer la culture démocratique, lutter contre les fraudes et manipulations électorales et favoriser la promotion des opérations formelles en faveur du développement. La tenue de deux scrutins avec la LEPI constitue une évolution moderne en matière d'élection mais aussi l'enjeu majeur et l'on se demande si cette gageure pourra réellement se réaliser dans un contexte politique fait de rupture, d'absence de dialogue et de méfiance  généralisée entre acteurs politiques.

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WPP-A: Call for applications / Appel a candidatures

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WPP-AFRICA

Call for applications / Appel a candidatures

Policy Brief: --- Negotiating a Peaceful Settlement in the Complexity of the Ivorian Political Crisis: Which way forward?

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Introduction

In the evolving political crisis of Cote d’Ivoire, significant preventive diplomatic efforts have been deployed both at the level of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the African Union (AU) to end the crisis. As the political stalemate deepened following the run-off elections on 28th November 2010, the Authority of Heads of State of ECOWAS meeting in an Extraordinary Session on 7th December in the Nigerian capital Abuja, endorsed the results of the Ivorian second round elections as declared by the Independent Electoral Commission and certified by the Special Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations in Cote d’Ivoire.

This policy brief examines the possible outcomes of the engagement of the AU High Panel in search of a peaceful end to the Ivorian political crisis. The policy brief further explores the complexity of the mediation process in Cote d’Ivoire where the underlining assumption of a peaceful settlement obliges compliance on the part of the incumbent President Laurent Gbabgo to cede power to Mr. Alassane Ouattara, the recognized winner and President Elect as declared by the Authority of Heads of State of ECOWAS. How must the AU-ECOWAS intervention facilitate a transition of political power in a peaceful manner when the key actor; the incumbent President refuses to step down or accepts the decision of ECOWAS and the Africa Union leaders backed by the United Nations? What could be the way forward in such a complicated negotiation process? Are there policy options available that can be pursued to respond to the current stalemate while at the same time recognizing that the preferred response option must deal ........

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February 2011: - Agriculture and Pastoralist Conflicts in West Africa Sahel

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The West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP) organized a 2-day consultative workshop on Agriculture and Pastoralist Conflicts in West Africa Sahel, bringing together participants from 8 countries in the West Africa Sub-region on February 22-23, 2011 in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

The principal goal of the workshop was to collectively identify and examine the factors contributing to agro-pastoralists conflicts, and discuss issues and priorities for preventive peacebuilding prospect in the West Africa Sahel.

The outcome of the consultative workshop revealed that farmers and herders have been living and plying their trades in a peaceful environment for centuries. Thus, the problem does not stem from ethnicity but as a result of changes in climatic conditions, boundary demarcation, sharp increase in demands for lands, weak regulatory system, and inadequate national and cross-border policy to deal with the issue amongst others.

At the end of the 2-day consultative workshop, participants issued a communiqué highlighting principal points of discussions and the various proposed strategies dealing with this age-long conflict.

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January 2011 - WPP-Africa Board Exchange with Asia Board Training 2011

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WPP-Africa Board Exchange with Asia Board Training 2011

WPP-Africa and the Asia Desk of the IFOR Women Peacemakers Program met in Manila, Philippines from January 16th to 22nd 2011 to embark on a session of sharing for a deeper awareness of Gender Sensitive Active Nonviolence as a way of life, as well as for a renewal and commitment to the fidelity of living out Active Nonviolence.

Some of the issues examined included Gender as a Social construct, and the system of values, norms and mechanisms put in place by Social Institution/forces, so as to maintain social control on gender roles that perpetuate unequal gender relations in society. It was reiterated that Gender equality and women’s empowerment are central to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - as just and desirable ends, and as vehicles for the achievement of all the other goals...

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